The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – which range from halving extreme poverty to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS and providing universal primary education, all by the target date of 2015 – form a blueprint agreed by all the world’s countries and leading development institutions. They have galvanized unprecedented efforts to meet the needs of the world’s poorest.
More info about the MDGs can be found at the United Nations website.
Objectives of the MNEmerge project related to the Millennium Development Goals are as follows:
|MDG||Main focus area, objective and contribution of the MNEmerge project|
|End Poverty and Hunger||Assessing the impacts of FDI strategies on health and access to energy in developing countries (cases India and Africa). Developing new policies for upgrading managerial capabilities to overcome poverty and increase economic growth.|
|Universal Education||Assessing the impacts of FDI and electrification on schools and healthcare (case Brazil). Assessing how capabilities development through spillovers affects education (case Africa). Developing new improved policies for education and dissemination of practical findings and best practises for the use of the general public, universities, the European Commission, the United Nations and other important stakeholders.|
|Gender Equality||Assessing the impacts of electrification in developing countries to ease time-consuming chores for women, such as fetching water, grinding and milling (case Brazil). Developing policies for equal access to healthcare and sanitation and connecting them with MNEs and FDI strategies (case India). Assessing MNEs’ corporate policies, capabilities upgrading, and their impact on gender equality.|
|Child Health||Addressing child health and its connection to sanitation, medication and electrification (cases India and Brazil). Developing new FDI strategies for improving health and sanitation coverage to fight child deaths and diseases in developing countries. Assessing policies related to child healthcare and availability of medicines.|
|Maternal Health||Addressing maternal health and its connection to sanitation, medication and electrification (case India). Developing strategies for improving access to reproductive health in developing countries, and policies for better sanitation coverage.|
|Combat HIV/AIDS||Assessing FDI and medicine production and distribution (cases India, Africa and Brazil). Developing strategies for improving health coverage and knowledge to protect against HIV in developing countries, access to medicine and healthcare, and capabilities upgrading in companies.|
|Environmental Sustainability||Assessing the impacts of sustainable electrification in developing countries (case Brazil) and the impact of electrification on healthcare, education, sanitation and economic growth (cases India and Africa). Developing policies aimed at supporting the building and installation of sustainable energy sources in poor countries.|
|Global Partnership||Assessing the impacts of FDI and multinational enterprises in less developed countries and connections of MNEs on local, regional and international level (cases India, Africa and Brazil). Assessing the role of cooperation between different domestic and foreign stakeholders related to the MDG (case Africa) and cooperation between individuals, enterprises and the state (case India).|